Coronavirus or COVID-19 is an ongoing Pandemic outbreak across the world that is feared to intensify over the time. Due to the situation being critical and sensitive with cases of deaths and infection from the disease being reported from around the world, a state of public health emergency of global scale has been declared by WHO. Coronavirus disease is a newly identified disease caused by a large family of viruses resulting in minor illness such as cold and cough with running nose to severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV) .The pandemic widening its ambit affecting most countries across the world, is a recently discovered strain which has not been identified affecting humans earlier.
Several theories have been making rounds pertaining to how Coronavirus spreads but the most reliable information published by WHO can be perceived reliable and authentic. As Coronavirus disease is highly contagious with the highest tendency of being transmitted amongst humans, it has now become even more imperative to prevent ourselves through preventive precautionary measures. The new Coronavirus spreads through contact with an infected person. A person in close proximity of an infected person coughing or sneezing and through his droplets of Saliva or discharge from the nose, can catch the disease.
To avoid being infected by the disease and reduce chances, it is advised to maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from a person. The other ways by which the virus can spread is touching the contaminated surfaces or objects that might have the virus on it. Touching the nose, mouth or eyes with hands prior to thorough wash and cleaning with a medicated handwash and sanitizer can be a source for the virus to enter the body resulting in multiplication of viruses and causing illness.
The infection by the novel Coronavirus can be identified through symptoms like respiratory unease, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In cases turning out to be severe in nature, state of pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure may cause even death. For initial identification and timely identification of infection, the person with suspicion should assess mild symptoms like runny nose, sore throat. cough, and fever.The disease is believed to be fatal for older people, and individuals suffering from medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease, etc. Some of the symptoms of infection by Coronavirus are:
Below are some of the precautionary measures people can practice to prevent being infected by Coronavirus:
Clean hands frequently and thoroughly with alcohol-based hand wash or medicated soap and clean with sanitizer
Cover nose and mouth with a mask
Maintain distance of at-least 6 feet from people in crowds
Step aside and maintain adequate distance from people coughing and sneezing
On non-availability of mask cover your nose and mouth with tissue or flexed elbow
Avoid close contact with people suspected of being infected or showing any symptoms
Take proper rest and sleep
Drink plenty of liquids
There is no such treatment or cure available for Coronavirus disease (COVID 19).